Blog Five By. Josh Ciminnisi

The countries I covered include Colombia, Peru, and Cuba. Through the process of writing these blogs I have learned a lot about these country’s products, media, culture, and music. As I learned more about them, I have come to realize that though they may be close geographically, their culture and tastes vary greatly. With this post I will attempt to relate my posts with what we covered in class. I will also include information about the coverage they get in our media, their media products, my favorite of those and what I see for their media’s future.

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Latin America and The Topics of This Class

One way that these countries relate to the topics we have discussed in our class is they all fall under the five theories of press, and they all can be labeled under the world systems theory. Colombia and Peru would both be under periphery, and when it comes to the five theories they attempt to be a western country, but the threats that local media gets from gangs and other illegal groups make it difficult for free exchange of information. When it comes to Cuba, they would be under the periphery and the Communism theory. Thanks to this I have learned how to best describe these countries when it comes to their media.

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Latin America In The U.S. Media

Latin America does show up in the United States media relatively frequently, but it only does so when what is happening has a possible effect in the U.S. An example of this is when it comes to illegal immigration. Though they may be our neighbors, U.S. tends to misinterpret or over simplify Latin region’s politics. Some good examples of this can be found here.

My Favorite Media Product

One of my favorite media products that I have found during this class is probably Corrido music. Listening to the music and reading the translated lyrics shows interesting stories that are intriguing to listen to and experience.

Latin America’s media Future

Where do I see Latin America’s media in the future? I believe that a lot of Latin America is still growing and as they develop they will become even more similar to us when it comes to media. A notable exception to this is Cuba who is seeing some western changes. Though Cuba may be slow in their case the people of the communist nation are pushing for more freedom. In the end only time will tell.

 

Sources:

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/cifamerica/2009/aug/12/honduras-us-media-latin-america

http://www.meltwater.com/blog/the-future-of-media-in-latin-america/

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Blog Five, Thaw Bwe

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For my spring semester, I covered a lot of different countries and their media. My favorite country that I want to share more is Japan because it is popular for me all the time. Even though, it is small country, but they are rich and develop in education, technology and business.

Japan is an island country in East Asia which is located in the Pacific Ocean. Japan’s capital is Tokyo and it is the fourth leading global city in the world. Also, Tokyo is the sixth largest city proper in the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The population is more than 126 million which is the world’s tenth largest, and they have more than eight ethnic groups including Korean, Chinese, Filipino, Brazilian and Vietnamese. The name of Japan means “Sun Origin”, and also calls the “Land of the Rising Sun”.

  • In class, students and teacher talk about some countries’ media such as newspapers, radio, and television. If I compare to Japan, of course they have everything. They may have some media more than other countries. For example, Japanese create robots to make them work as an employee, so the citizen may work less.
  • Many countries like to cover some news from Japan in their media because Japan is one of the best and most develop country in the world. For example, when Japan export new technology such as robots and phones, the television news are has been show in many countries, even America.
  • https://www.theguardian.com/technology/video/2016/apr/14/is-it-a-robot-is-it-a-phone-yes-its-both-introducing-robohon-video
  • angel beats418736-harajuku-no-yoko-is-monthly-get-together-market-of-people-dressing-up-in-japanese-anime
  • The most popular and cutest media in Japan is cartoon or anime. Some of the cartoon publish in books and movies, and people sell around the world. Many people in other countries like to read Japanese anime books and watch movie. Also, people like to dress up and pretend to be as their favorite character anime.toyota_harrier
  • Japan is one of the world’s largest car maker products, and also the second largest producer of automobiles in the world. Japan’s cars of Toyota is everywhere in other countries such as America, Europe, Africa and South East Asia.
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AOfy4XHBy_0
  • Many countries use Japanese’s Toyota commercial in their television show which they translate in their languages.
  • My favorite media products that I discovered in class is Japanese’s USB flash drive. Some of them made as an delicious foods such as sushi and others made as dolls. All of them looks cute and made with beautiful different colors.

    Japan’s-Digital-Media-Market-and-the-Opportunities-for-Future-Expansion

  • The media future of Japan will be internet because it will change people life. Every people in the city and in the mountain will read newspaper on iPod and i pad and use phone and computer.

Continue reading “Blog Five, Thaw Bwe”

Blog Five: Michael McQuaid,

Michael McQuaid

This semester I covered the following countries: Columbia, Brazil & Mexico, Uruguay, and Argentina. For Columbia, I investigated topics on political standings, how they fit into the five theories we discussed, how they were a periphery country, and how they have become more westernized over the year. For Brazil and Mexico, we did more of ic-ct-latin-america.pngan overview of each country. We specifically looked into the role of music and cuisine in each culture. Then with Uruguay, I investigated how media effects their culture. I found an interesting ad dealing with the department of transportation and I found out who owned each of the media parts including print, radio, television, and newspaper. Lastly, I looked into Argentina. I found that Argentina is renowned for its beef. They export it all around the world and profit highly from it.

Most of the topics I presented in the blog pertain to what we learned in class. For example, We discussed a great deal of media and the importance of it. I than put that discussion to use when I presented media in Uruguay. We also talked about the five theories and how they effected each country. I presented this through Columbia, also with how they are a periphery country and becoming more westernized.

Yes, Latin America is covered in the news. On the Wall Street Journal, Latin America has its own section (http://www.wsj.com/news/world/latin-america). I then breaks down into current events going back a couple of days. Latin America than has its own form of news. You can break it down into each country as well. For example, if you type in “Mexico News” the first result is Mexico News Daily. Other news outlets report on Mexican news as well (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/mexico/).

I could discuss the importance of Pan- Latin American Television, specifically but not limited to Telenovelas, and the importance of it in the United States. Programs including: CNN en Español, Univision, and MundoVision, as well as Spain’s Canal 24 Horas air Telenovelas.”Colombian telenovela “Yo Soy Betty, La Fea” has been adapted for series in 17 other countries: India, Turkey, Germany, Mexico, Netherlands, Spain, Greece, Belgium, Serbia, Czech Republic, Vietnam, Philippines, China, Poland, Brazil, Georgia and the United States as ‘Ugly Betty'” (PBS).  “Season-to-date, (Sept. 19 to Dec. 25, 2011) telenovelas in the United States averaged 5.7 million viewers a week, according to Nielsen data. Of those viewers, 3.1 million are age 18-49” (PBS). Telenovela’s are huge globally and provide much to the Latin American culture.

giphySocial Media is increasing every day in Latin America. According to Samantha Monk, “Today four out of five internet users in the region are plugged into social networks; Facebook boasts almost 40 million users in Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil alone. Interestingly, journalistic integrity and trust in the media have changed as social media use has increased” (Melwater). According to UsMediaCosulting.com, TV is the mot consumed medium but internet takes up the most time. For example, Mexico spends 2-4 hours a day watching TV but spends 5 hours a day on the internet.

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For the next two questions, answered simply: social media. Social media has redesigned how we take in our news, globally. Current events are actually current events. For example, when Prince died. The world knew within minutes. But when the twin towers crashed it took hours for us to find out. “According to the Edelman Trust Barometer, trust in the media and in government has undergone a dramatic drop from 2011 to 2012 in both Argentina and Brazil. The study reports trust in government dropping from 54% to 35% in Argentina and from 85% to 32% in Brazil, and trust in media dropping from 60% to 45% in Argentina and from 73% to 61% in Brazil” (Melwater). Meaning that people in Latin America are trusting less what their government is telling them .They rely on each other and social media to tell them the facts.

 

 

Sources:

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/the-power-of-the-telenovela/

The Future of Media in Latin America

http://usmediaconsulting.com/img/uploads/pdf/The-2014-Media-Market-Report-for-Latin-America.pdf

Chile, Argentina, And Columbia

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CHILE

 

The Republic of Chile is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

  1. Area: Total: 756,102 sq. km, Land: 743,812 sq. km, Water: 12,290 sq. km.
  2. Population: 17, 508, 260 (July 2015)
  3. Religion: Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1%
  4. Language: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%\
  5. Ethnic Group: white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3%

BROADCAST NEWS MEDIA

National and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self-financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007)

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National
National
National
National
National
National
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National
Canal 13
Chilevision
CNN Chile
Radio Agricultura
Radio Bio Bio
Radio Cooperativa
Radio Infinita
TVN
BC
BC
BC
BC
BC
BC
BC
BC
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
SPA
SPA
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TV
TV
TV
Radio
Radio
Radio
Radio
TV

RADIO BROADCAST STATION

AM 180, FM 64, shortwave 17 (1998)

MAGAZINE NEWS MEDIA

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National
National
National
National
National
National
National
National
Foreign
Capital
Conozca Mas
El Ciudadano
El Periodista
Ercilla
Fortin Mapocho
Punto Final
Que Pasa
Economist
MG
MG
MG
MG
MG
MG
MG
MG
MG
BU
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
GI
SPA
SPA
SPA
SPA
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SPA
ENG
SPA
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ENG

Newspaper News Media

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National
National
National
National
National
National
National
National
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Diario Financiero
Diario Oficial
El Mercurio
Estrategia
La Cuarta
La Nacion
La Segunda
La Tercera
Las Ultimas Noticias
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BU
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Argentina 

One of the things Argentina is most famous for is it’s beef. “RaisinArgentina-Asadog about 55 million head of cattle, Argentina is the third largest exporter of beef in the world. Argentine beef is world-famous for its quality and flavor. Argentines have the largest consumption of red meat in the world.” Argentinians use a form of barbecuing called “Asado”. Asado is a whole process in which , ” a real parrilla made with ceramic thermal bricks or volcanic stones”  is needed. Cows are let free roam and eat grass, while as in the US, we do have grass fed, but for the most part cows are crammed next to each other to be raised in feed lots. “Argentinean president Carlos Menem offered this recommendation to the U.S. trade publication Western Beef Producer: ‘Tell your readers, ‘Don’t come to my country if they’re vegetarian.'” 

Sources:

Five Things Argentina is Famous For

http://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2011/11/18/what-makes-argentine-steak-so-renowned/#134e85e41722

What Happened To Argentina’s Famous Beef Market?

 

 

Columbia And Coffee

 

The History

 

When many people think of Columbia they cant help but think of Colombian Coffee. No one really knows when Columbia  began to grow coffee but a popular theory is it began with Jesuits bringing the bean over in the seventeenth century. The earliest export to North America can be traced to a 2500-pound shipment in 1835. By 1860 coffee became their biggest export. This trend has continued and coffee has stayed high on the list of Columbia’s export list.

 

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What Makes Columbia’s Coffee So Great?

Columbia can be split into three major mountain ranges. These areas create pockets of bio diverse land that a majority of their coffee grows. These areas have the proper soil content and weather to create the ideal growing environment for the beans that we all enjoy.

 

Coffee Today

Columbia’s coffee beans are used in many coffee brands that we are familiar with today. Some examples of these businesses are Folgers, Dunkin Donuts, Starbucks, Maxwell, and Nescafe. Columbia’s coffee is a brand that is found threw out the world and will continue to be seen as some of the best coffee that can be.

Sources:

http://equalexchange.coop/history-of-coffee-in-colombia

http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/en/

https://www.cia.gov/redirects/ciaredirect.html

 

 

Uruguay, Brazil, and Peru

Uruguay 

Uruguay has more than 100 daily and weekly newspapers, approximately 150 radio stations, 604 radio receivers per 1,000 population, 34 regular and cable television channels.imgres.png

Ownership

The constitution on 1967 states freedom of press and expression. Press is privately owned and Uruguay hosts more than 100 daily and weekly newspapers. There are no government restrictions on internet. Documented that about 55 percent of the population accessing the the internet in 2012. TV and radio is privately owned with the exception of state TV and radio outlets.

Ads/Commercials 
“Last year in our country, the same percentage of the population died in traffic accidents than in Japan’s tsunami of 2011. We can prevent this. Let’s respect traffic rules.”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l5OApT92Mp8

Sources:

“Press Reference.” Uruguay Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.
“Uruguay.” Uruguay. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

Brazil

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PRINT

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Abril is a Brazilian publisher and printing company and one of the biggest media in Latin America, and own by Grupo Abril.

Type: Holding S.A., Brazil followed

Industry: Media, Publishing, Broadcasting, Online serivices, Printing.

BROADCAST TELEVISION

TV BAND NEWS BrasileTV BAND NEWS BrasileTV BAND NEWS Brasile

 

BAND NEWS TV or BAND NEWS FM is a Brazilian satellite and cable television news channel owned by Grupo Bandeirantes.  It was the second news channel launched in the Brazilian cable/satellite market.

Band News’ format shows change in every 30 minutes. The channel broadcasts talk shows about business and culture and short documentaries.

CABLE

Band Sports is a cable television network that has its programming with all sports around the world such as Russia, America, Japan and Europe. Band Sports is own by Grupo Bandeirantes.

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Band News FM is a Brazilian all-news radio network

Type: Broadcast radio network           Founded and owner by: Grupo Bandeirantes.

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Veja is a weekly news magazine and it is one of the most influential outlets of the Brazilian Press. Veja publishes articles on politics, economics, culture, world events, entertainment, and war.

INTERNET USERS

Internet country code: .br means top-level domain.

Internet users: 139,111,185 or 108.2 million.    Country comparison to the world: 6

 

 

 

Peru

 

 

Print media

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Peru has over 57 Daily Newspapers that are nationally distributed and many more that run regionally. Though a majority of these publications are printed in Spanish there is also a good chunk of print media that is released in both English and Japanese. Native Peruvians own a majority of there media but foreign publishers own some. This is mostly prevalent in Magazines and Press Agencies news Media. Similar One of the most influential newspapers is the El Comercio, which is one of the oldest privately owned paper in the country. Second to that  is La Republica, a left leaning newspaper  and strongly opposes the government.

 

 TV

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The general house in Peru enjoys around 150 channels. Peru has 10 major TV networks with only one, Television Nacional de Peru, being state owned. These Networks are predominately nationally owned and include broadcast in indigenous languages(ex. Quechua and Aymara).

 

Radio

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The people of Peru generally enjoy FM stations over any other kind. In the early 90’s many big corporations purchased a majority of the radio stations and because of this independent stations are scarce. Due to these factors, the radio frequencies are very saturated and the Government rarely gives out licenses for new frequencies. This has caused pirate and internet radio to increase.

 

Internet

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Internet media has around 13.2 million users which is roughly 40.9% of the population. Peru is also home to over 230,000 hosts. This medium is probably where you can see the most foreign ownership.

 

Interesting ad

Conclusion

 

Threw this analysis Peru’s media seems similar to ours, it is important to realize that they haven’t had Freedom of The Press until 1993. This has caused issues. One of those is the criminal defamation, threats and murder of critical journalists. This can be connected to local corruption and gangs. Only time will tell how this is solved.

sources

http://www.abyznewslinks.com/peru.htm

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html

http://wwitv.com/television/165.htm

http://www.pressreference.com/No-Sa/Peru.html

https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2015/peru

 

 

Brazil & Mexico

Introduction

Brazil is the fifth largest country in South America. The spoken language is Portuguese. Brazilian culture is primarily influenced by African culture. On a smaller scale, Brazil is influenced by Italian, German and other European,Japanese, Jewish and Arab cultures.

Mexico is the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is derived from the Spanish culture. Their primary language is Spanish.

Cuisine

Music

Brazilian music is mainly influenced by African, European, and Amerindian forms ( native Brazilian). All of this developed in unique forms such as Samba, Bossa nova, MPB, Tropicala and many more. Samba has become one of the best known Brazilian genre This is partially due to the countries Carnival. Known for its 2/4th tempo and sung chorus and batucada rhythm. Bossa Nova coming in a close second.Screen Shot 2016-02-25 at 9.45.10 AM

Video links:

 

 

Screen Shot 2016-02-25 at 9.49.03 AMMexico’s music has many different styles. It was mainly influenced by the indigenous people and European forms. Some genres are traditional folk music, known for its instrumentals and copias. Ranchera is performed with one performer with a guitar. Corrido is a narrative song and poetry.

Video Links: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVHGW2_HQCg -https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4NagNNltckg

Cuba, Haiti, and Columbia

Colombia

Political Standings:

Columbia has a long history of political parties. Most of the time, Columbia holds fair elections and have respect for political and civil rights. The twcolombia_640o primary parties consist of Liberal and Conservative, which have been competing for power since the mid nineteenth century. “During the 1980s, approximately 20 percent of the population controlled 70 percent of income. Rural poverty was particularly pronounced, with per capita income barely reaching half the national average. Analysts generally believed that these economic factors helped spawn political violence ” (Country Studies). The current President of Columbia is Juan Manuel Santos. Liberals theoretically support a separation of church is state. While the Conservative party has a close cooperation with the Roman Catholic Church.

Five Theories:

Colombia fits into the Western category for press. The government is hands off when it comes to journalists. “Although security forces generally have not subjected journalists to harassment, intimidation, or violence, there have been exceptions, as well as reports of threats and violence against journalists by corrupt officials” (LOC). Major international wire services, newspapers, and television networks operate freely without government interference.

Core or Periphery?

Columbia is considered a periphery country. It is a developing country due to its many conflicts such as armed and drug trades. This thrusted them into some debt, but there has been some efforts to reduce this.

Western Influence 

Colombia is for the most part westernized. There is democracy and a state of law where citizens enjoy freedom of cult and speech.

 

Sources:

http://countrystudies.us/colombia/78.htm

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Colombia-POLITICAL-PARTIES.html

https://www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/about-this-collection/

 

Cuba, Haiti, and Columbia

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HAITI BY THAW BWE

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Haiti is a small island country that is located in the Caribbean between North and South America, and it is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Haiti is constitutional republic and it is capitol is Port-au-Prince.

In my opinion, Haiti is a developmental stage of the press because the media is changing little by little. Most people do not have access to the media due to extreme poverty.

Haiti is a peripheral country due to its property and lack of even regional influence. Haiti is developing country which is getting better little by little, but still has many obstacle overcome. Haiti has the second highest population of any country in the Caribbean, at just over 10.7 million people. The primary languages of Haiti are French and Haitian Creole. Eighty percent of the rural Haitian population lives in abject poverty.

Michel Martelly April 2011 (1).JPG

Michel Martelly is the last elected president who resigned his office February 10th 2016.

Haiti-Jocelerme-Privert-investi-president-interimaire-preche-le-consensus-politique.jpgJocelerme Privert (Temporary president)

Haiti_Flag_iconTop Supermarkets in Port-au-PrinceHaiti_Flag_icon

 

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American different type of chips, cereal, can, juice, energy drinks, and shampoo are sell at Haiti supermarkets in Port-au-Prince.

 

 Haiti_Flag_iconMost Markets on the RoadsHaiti_Flag_icon

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Source:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html

 

 

CUBA

           The Government

Cuba’s political system is an interesting one. It began in 1959 when Fidel Castro took premiere and became the head of the government. Though he promised the return of the 1940 constitution and an honest administration, when he took power he began to push radical communist ideas. The Cuban Constitution states that it is an Independent Socialist Republic though many would agree that it leans more towards a Communist State. One party, the Cuban Communist Party (PCC), controls the government. Twenty-five members chosen by the head of the government run this party. They are active in all facets of society to further spread their views. The Commander In Chief, also known as President, leads the two executive bodies, the Council of Ministries and the Council of State. The Council of States is elected by the National Assembly of People’s Power, which is elected delegates from electoral districts and acts as a legislative branch. It consists of The President, secretary, vice president and twenty-seven other members. They hold most legislative power between sessions of the National Assembly. The Council of Ministries is considered the most powerful of the bodies. It is the administrative body of Cuba as well as the bulk of the nation’s government. Its members include the President, Vice President, the secretary, as well as other members. Though many of the members of these governing bodies are elected, the Communist Party heavily monitors these ballots. The government controls many aspects of life in Cuba. The government employs Seventy-Five percent of the work force so any decision made by them affects the economy greatly. Though the first leader of this government was Fidel Castro, he stepped down and now his brother Raul Castro is in charge.

 The Media

The Communist Party strictly regulates the media of Cuba. The government owns all media, unregulated broadcasts are jammed and journalist must follow strict regulation or face harsh penalties. The Media has one purpose in Cuba and that is to spread propaganda. Because of these factors Cuba definitely falls under the Communist theory. Also due to their lack of technology, small world wealth, and unstable government, they would also fall under the category of a Peripheral Country.

Western Product’s Influence

 

Western cultural products in Cuba are very scarce. Due to the embargoes there are not much of modern products that have made it in. That being said there is one area that western products can be seen. That is Cars. Because of trade sanctions a lot of the vehicles that continue to run on the roads are classic American cars. The reason for this is because these vehicles are the only things left from before the embargo’s. Since they do not have many choices in vehicles these cars have been maintained and can still be seen on the roads.

 

Sources: http://www.britannica.com/biography/Fidel-Castro

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Americas/Cuba-POLITICS-GOVERNMENT-AND-TAXATION.html

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19578348